By Joanna Alphonso:

Statement 1: Abortion is legal at all stages of pregnancy in Canada.

Verdict: True.

Analysis: Abortion was illegal for 77 years in Canada, from the time that  the Criminal Code first came into force in 1892 until its amendment in 1969 to legalize “therapeutic abortions.” Henry Morgentaler, a Canadian abortionist, was arrested and tried for defying this law by committing abortions upon demand in his freestanding abortion mills. The “therapeutic abortion” law was struck down in 1988 by the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) because it was deemed to violate a woman’s section 7 Charter right to security of the person. It was left up to Parliament to make a new law on abortion that would not violate the Charter, but this was never done as new governments have come and gone. This lack of an abortion law in Canada allows for abortions to be carried out for any reason and at any time during a pregnancy, even up until birth.
   Radical abortion advocates like Action Canada for Sexual Health and Rights (ACSHR) claim that more than 90 per cent of abortions occur within the first trimester, and that no abortionist offers surgical abortions past 23 weeks and six days across the country. However, Quebec Life Coalition reported in 2022 that the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal carries out late-term abortions on a “weekly” basis. This includes abortions for eugenic reasons, like Down syndrome.

Campaign Life Coalition president emeritus Jim Hughes calls Brian Mulroney’s C-43, which was defeated on a tie vote in the Senate in 1991, “a real dog’s breakfast” as it purported to ban abortion except in cases to protect a mother’s health, which was expansively defined to include psychological health. It was the last time a government attempted to legislate abortion.

An article published in le Journal de Montréal discusses the events surrounding an abortion that took place in Sacré-Cœur Hospital in February 2023. A woman who was 38 weeks pregnant, just a short two weeks away from an otherwise healthy delivery, sparked controversy by opting to abort her child. When Marie-Josée Rivest, a concerned citizen, called the hospital to confirm that the lethal procedure was taking place, an employee admitted that “the whole team was sad about the situation.” Jean Guimond, a late-term abortionist in Montreal admitted that such late-term abortions take place in the city on a rotation system. The Interim, reporting on this event, commented that even infamous Canadian abortionist Henry Morgentaler did not commit late-term abortions, ironically believing that it was “tantamount to baby killing.”

Statement 2: Canada has abortion rights.

Verdict: True.

Analysis: When the SCC struck down the “therapeutic abortion” law in 1988, it simply decided that the then-current legislation was a violation of the aforementioned Charter right. The Justices did not read in any constitutional right to abortion within the Charter or any other constitutional documents.

The SCC is the top court for appeals in Canada. This Court can agree with the most recent decision, reverse a previous decision, interpret legal issues such as administrative court procedures, division of legislative powers, applicability of laws, and Charter violations. In the case of laws that infringe Charter rights, the Court struck down the law and handed it back to the appropriate legislative body to make a new law that does not infringe Charter rights.

Statement 3: People have abortions.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: Only women can get pregnant. Only those who are pregnant get abortions. Therefore, only women have abortions. This is biologically determined at the moment of fertilization.

Inclusion of men in the gender-neutral term “people,” is a layered attack on motherhood that already takes place in the abortion.

Statement 4: Abortion is nota method of birth control.

Verdict: True, however…

Analysis: Birth control is a contraceptive. The purpose of contraceptives is to prevent conception.

Women typically seek abortions because their method of contraception failed, resulting in an unwanted pregnancy. Contraceptive and abortion advocates like the National Abortion Federation admit that there is no contraceptive that works 100 per cent of the time.

In an interview by Anne Marie Williams for Live Action, former Planned Parenthood manager, Ramona Trevino, admitted that contraception and abortion are “two sides of the same coin.” According to Trevino, encouraging sex with largely imperfect contraception increases the market for abortion. “Planned parenthood,” she stressed, “is telling your kids it’s okay to have sex as long as they use ‘protection,’ knowing full well that their ‘protection’ will fail.”


Statement 5: Sex-selective abortion disproportionately affects female preborn babies.

Verdict: True.

Analysis: Preference for sons over daughters is deeply rooted in human history and still exists today. This desire is so strong that not only are baby girls being abandoned and killed after birth, but they are being aborted simply because they are girls.

Pro-abortion groups like ACSHR deny the horrific reality that countless women and girls face, claiming that “anti-choice activists propagate the myth that abortion disproportionately targets female fetuses.” Their reasoning is that over 90 per cent of abortions in Canada occur before sex can be determined. This is a prime example of misinformation. Recent annual data sets published by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) show no more than 37 per cent of abortions in Canada are medical abortions (chemical abortions), the type of abortions that ACSHR is referring to.

Unfortunately, abortion statistics in Canada do not present the reasons why women seek abortions. It is worth noting, however, that numerous attempts to make sex-selective abortions illegal in Canada have failed, most recently in 2021 with Bill C-233. Liberal, NDP, and other pro-abortion members of Parliament saw this as a “trojan horse from anti-choice advocates” to outlaw abortion altogether.

Sex-selective abortion dominates in many cultures, particularly in Asian countries like India and China, according to the Guttmacher Institute. An article by James Kingsland, published in 2021 by Medical News Today, reported a statistical model predicting that son-preference influencing abortions and infanticide could result in 5.7 million missing females within the next century. This study confirms abortion and infanticide-related gender imbalance in India and China resulting from son-preference.

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) denounced sex-selective abortion and officially considers it “violence against women” according to paragraphs 115-116 of the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action.

Statement 6: Abortion kills an unborn child.

Verdict: True.

Analysis: According to an article published in the Journal of the Association of Basic Medical Sciences, “the biological line of existence of each individual, without exception, begins precisely when fertilization of the egg is successful.” The authors state, in other words, that “human life begins when sperm and eggs fuse to give rise to a single cell human zygote whose genetic individuality and uniqueness remain unchanged during normal development.” This scientifically establishes that the unborn are undoubtedly alive.

‘Child’ not only refers to a human being below the age of puberty. The phrase “abortion kills an unborn child” does not necessarily refer to a child within that strict age-range; rather, it refers to the synonymous term, “offspring.” A parent refers to their offspring, young or grown adults, as their child(ren). The zygote is generated from one mother and one father, thereby making the resultant zygote their child. Moreover, zygote is a developmental term, as are embryo, fetus, child, teenager, adult, and senior. The use of colloquially uncommon biological terms by abortion supporters are attempts to dehumanize the unborn child to make abortion seem more tolerable.

Abortion is medically defined as a procedure to terminate a human pregnancy. According to Live Action, there are four main types of abortions depending on the stage of the pregnancy. There are two kinds of abortions that can be used in the first trimester. The medical or chemical abortion using drugs can be utilized up to ten weeks gestation (time since the last menstrual period). The mother takes Mifepristone and misoprostol pills. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Mifepristone blocks progesterone (which nourishes the embryo) in order to starve him or her. Misoprostol causes extreme contractions of the uterus to expel the now-dead child and other tissues. Despite claims that the abortion drug is “safe,” this process can lead to life-threatening risk of sepsis when the uterus does not fully empty, among other health risks. In fact, a 19-year-old Canadian mother died in February 2023 after taking these pills.

The second procedure that is used in the first trimester is the suction (aspiration) and dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure and is typically committed between five and 13 weeks’ gestation. The abortionist uses metal rods of increasing diameters to dilate the cervix and access the uterus. A catheter is then inserted into the mother’s uterus to empty it. The suction force is 10-20 times more powerful than a typical household vacuum. The last step in this procedure is to scrape the lining of the uterus to catch any remaining parts of the fetus and other tissues to prevent the mother from dying of sepsis. Live Action shared that approximately 1 in 63 aspiration abortions are incomplete, and that 1 in 59 women suffer toxic infection after this procedure.

The second trimester abortion is the dilation and evacuation (D&E) procedure and is typically committed between 13 and 24 weeks’ gestation. The abortionist dilates the mother’s cervix, like in the aspiration abortion. A clamp is used to hold the cervix open while the abortionist uses a curette blade to dismember and extract the fetus from the uterus. The most challenging part of the procedure for the abortionist is grasping and crushing the fetus’ skull in order to easily remove it via the cervix. The abortionist finally scrapes the uterus and reassembles the fetus and placenta to ensure that all the parts have been removed to prevent the mother from dying of sepsis.

The final type of abortion is called the induction abortion, carried out in the third trimester (25 weeks gestation). At this point in the pregnancy, the fetus is medically viable outside the uterus with special equipment. Because of this, the abortionist first uses an ultrasound to locate the preborn child’s heart and injects it with digoxin to induce a massive cardiac arrest. If the abortionist misses the baby, but still injects the digoxin within the amniotic sac containing him or her, the death will be more prolonged. The following day, the abortionist does another ultrasound to ensure that the fetal child is dead. If he or she is not dead, the abortionist injects another dose of digoxin or potassium chloride. The mother may also be induced. Within the coming days, the mother will return to the abortionist to deliver her dead child. If this is unsuccessful, or if the child comes out in pieces, the abortionist will use the D&E procedure.

In summary for this section, the purpose of every abortion is to directly and intentionally kill the unborn child.

Statement 7: It is more pro-life to have an abortion than to give birth to a disabled child or a child who will be
financially disadvantaged.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: So-called humanitarian reasons for abortion are a sad attempt at cloaking eugenics. Basing the value of another human’s life on their ability to contribute to society, or even the burden they may place on society, is extremely utilitarian. Children with special needs deserve protection, not lethal persecution for being biologically different from the “standard” human being. This also applies to children who are financially disadvantaged. Abortion, the direct and intentional killing of the unborn child, only eliminates those who experience the suffering; not the suffering itself.

In a world where advanced research and technology exists, is it just to kill those who suffer rather than using the research and technology to the advantage of society and make a world where such people, especially children, can have that suffering minimized or eliminated? Absolutely not. What is unjust is withholding life-saving care for children with special needs and live-saving aid from children with financial needs. Abortion is the “bandage solution,” that despite all of our advances, our society still cannot provide adequate medical care and financial aid to children and adults who rely on it. It is akin to a society that eradicates homelessness by killing homeless people. It is simply morally wrong.

Statement 8: Abortion helps sex traffickers and abusers.

Verdict: True.

Analysis: The Annals of Health Law and Life Sciences published an article in 2014 by Laura Lederer and Christopher Wetzel identifying health consequences for victims of sex trafficking and abuse. These victims of the estimated $33.9 billion-per-year worldwide illicit industry are exposed to extreme violence and forced unprotected sex, increasing the odds of pregnancy. Victims who get pregnant, usually multiple times, are forced to have abortions so that they can continue to be abused and trafficked.

The Charlotte Lozier Institute (CLI) published an article in July 2023 reporting that the increase in mailed abortion pills after the monumental overturning of Roe v. Wade raises alarm bells in the cases of victims of domestic violence and sex trafficking. Abortionists supposedly attempt to get the mother alone to screen for abuse situations to ensure that she is not being forced by her partner or family to abort. The rise of mail-in abortion pills negates this as an abusive partner could easily sit next to the pregnant mother and coach her during the attempted screening process. There are simply no protections for abuse and trafficking victims with the rise of abortion pill access.

Live Action performed a series of undercover investigations in 2011 to expose Planned Parenthood for aiding in sex trafficking by intentionally covering it up with abortions. Live Action workers went into these abortion mills posing as a pimp and child prostitute around age 13, clearly asking the manager how to avoid being flagged by authorities. The manager encouraged the pimp to lie about the child’s age for the record.

Statement 9: A pregnancy is just a clump of cells.

Verdict: True, however…

Analysis: Any multicellular organism can be described as a clump of cells. This is just another attempt of abortion advocates to dehumanize the unborn. These “clumps of cells” are biological human beings.

Some abortion-supporters like to jump off the “clump of cells” argument into the “cancer” or “parasite” argument. There are fundamental biological differences between the unborn and cancers, tumours, and parasites. High school biology students learn that a living organism is able to perform the seven functions of life.

The table below explains how the unborn perform each of these functions, and therefore are considered to be biologically alive.

According to an article published in Tropical Infectious Diseases, the only above function that parasites perform is reproduction. Parasites are incapable of surviving independently of the living host. Why is this different from the non-viable unborn? Parasites will always remain as parasites. It is not in their biological nature to grow to be independent.

The same applies to tumours and cancers. These are made up of irregular cells which grow uncontrollably due to faulty regulation of growth and division. These cells will remain as such and have no biological potential to become a self-sustaining human being.

If the idea that dependence on others for life-support defines when human rights ought to be granted, there would be countless humans, for example in comas, who would simply lose their rights. When it comes to abortion advocates playing semantics, follow the science.

Statement 10: Abortion access is liberation from the toxic patriarchy.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: “No uterus, no opinion” is a common slogan among abortion supporters. Students for Life presents several excellent points on why the opposite is true: that men have not only a say, but a huge influence on a woman’s choice for life or abortion. Recent research shows that about 48 per cent of women who chose abortion were pressured by their partners into the abortion. Conversely, 76 per cent of women would have chosen differently if they were surrounded with more support, particularly from their partners.

Abortion is an easy-out for men who do not want to take responsibility for their actions. The biological purpose of sex is reproduction, according to an article published in Nature Journal. The average person does not need a scientific journal article to tell them this; it is a known fact of life and has been for millennia. Pro-abortion rhetoric seeks to separate sex from pregnancy so that no one has to take responsibility for their actions. Therefore, the man is “off the hook” for child support at the minimum when women are pressured to have abortion, and can avoid fully involved fatherhood if the mother of his child kills the preborn child through abortion.

Statement 11: Abortion should be permitted in the cases of rape and incest.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: The conditions of the conception of a child do not determine the worth of that child. Live Action’s response to such difficult cases elaborates well on these issues. To summarize, giving the unborn child the death penalty for the crime of the rapist still does not punish the rapist. Neither does it “un-rape” nothing to undo the pain and trauma of rape or incest. In fact, abortion is a violent act that can add to the trauma of the victim.

Instead, laws should be amended and enforced such that rapists are prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. Permitting abortion in cases of rape and incest aid rapists in covering up their crimes with a “quick-fix bandage solution.”

Statement 12: Abortion is sometimes medically necessary.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: The Dublin Declaration, signed by more than a thousand medical professionals, states that abortion is never medically necessary to save a woman’s life. This document elaborates on numerous medically necessary treatments that can be carried out to save the life of a pregnant mother, which do not include abortion. These procedures aim to save the lives of both mother and child. In many circumstances, unfortunately, both lives cannot (easily) be saved. This is a fundamental difference between abortion procedures, which directly and intentionally kill the unborn child, and legitimate medical interventions that (might) indirectly, unintentionally kill the child in utero.

In a Live Action interview, former abortionist, Dr. Anthony Levatino, describes procedures that attempt to preserve both lives. First is premature delivery, which ends the pregnancy and allows the child a chance to live with specialized equipment. The second is a salpingectomy, or the removal of the fallopian tube for cases of ectopic pregnancies. This method removes the tissue where the embryo has attached, terminating the pregnancy. Unfortunately, due to a lack of appropriate technology, the child dies of natural causes rather than directly killing him or her.

Statement 13: Contraceptives aren’t abortifacients.

Verdict: Generally false.

Analysis: There are two main types of contraceptives: barrier and hormonal. Barrier methods physically stop fertilization by preventing the movement of sperm towards the egg during intercourse. Hormonal methods tend to be more long-term and have to be taken regularly to work as they are allegedly intended.

The morning-after pill, or “Plan B” contraceptive, is taken after intercourse as a last-chance attempt to prevent pregnancy. Fertilization can occur within a few days after intercourse and before implanting into the uterine lining. According to Human Life International, when a woman takes Plan B, or other oral hormonal contraceptives, it prevents the successful implantation of the embryo. Preventing this critical step effectively starves the embryo to death (killing the newly conceived preborn child). The mother likely never knows that any of this occurs as the embryo passes in her next menstrual period. Several studies have shown that low-dose birth control pills cause women to experience early abortions with up to 65 per cent of their menstrual cycles.

Statement 14: Abortion bans don’t reduce abortion, they only eliminate safe abortion.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: Because abortion directly and intentionally kills an unborn child, there is no such thing as a “safe abortion.”

The Charlotte Lozier Institute published an article in September 2023 by Mary Harned, lawyer, and Ingrid Skop, doctor, which illustrated the connection between births saving lives and abortion reductions in the U.S. after the overturn of Roe. An analysis of states that outlawed abortion post-Dobbs, shows a 2.3 per cent increase in births compared to states without abortion restrictions. For example, there was an increase of 5.1 per cent births in Texas and 4.4 per cent births in Mississippi. Admittedly, some pregnant women who seek abortion are still travelling out-of-state for access, but the correlation of abortion bans and increase in the number of births cannot reasonably be explained by any factor other than abortion bans.

Statement 15: The overturning of Roe in the Dobbs decision banned abortion in the United States.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: The 2022 Dobbs decision simply handed abortion legislation back to each state. In the U.S., criminal law is governed on the state level, compared to Canada which regulates it on the federal level. The Guttmacher Institute published an interactive map of the U.S. illustrating abortion laws throughout the country. An image of this map is depicted below and is current as of Jan. 24, 2024. Note that the scale refers to protectiveness of abortion from the point of view of radical abortion advocates throughout the country. An image of this map is depicted below and is current as of Jan. 24, 2024. Note that the scale refers to protectiveness of abortion from the point of view of radical abortion advocates.

Statement 16: Treatment for partial miscarriages is abortion.

Verdict: False.

Analysis: A miscarriage is also called a “spontaneous abortion” and occurs for a variety of reasons. Mothers who experience miscarriage, who did not directly and intentionally kill their children, are at no fault. The child died naturally during development and the mother’s body has to expel her child and other tissues.

The treatment for a partial miscarriage, where the uterus does not fully empty, is a D&C. The difference between an abortion D&C and this procedure is that the child is already dead. According to the Mayo Clinic, the D&C is used for a wide variety of procedures for the purpose of emptying the uterus. Note that aspiration and D&C are separate procedures that are used within the abortion procedure.

Statement 17: Canada needs a law on abortion.

Verdict: True.

Analysis: According to We Need A Law, “Canada is the only democracy in the world to have zero legal protection” for the unborn. This means that abortion for any reason is legal at any time in pregnancy, as previously discussed. Several attempts to legislate on abortion have failed since Morgentaler, including protections against sex-selective abortion. What does this mean? Discrimination on the basis of sex, race, ability, age, and more, are therefore legal in Canada. As long as there is no law on abortion in Canada restricting these at the very least, discrimination will continue to be legal. But, as Campaign Life Coalition (CLC) makes clear, Canada does not need any abortion law but one that outlaws abortion without exception.

Statement 18: Abortion harms women. Women regret abortion.

Verdict: True.

Analysis: According to Campaign Life Coalition, women suffer complications after abortion, including immediate and long-term health concerns, abuse, and mental health disorders. The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario conducted a study and found that post-abortive women had a higher rate of hospitalization due to infections by four times, additional surgeries by five times, and hospitalization due to psychiatric problems by five times compared to the general population. Women may immediately experience hemorrhaging, sepsis, uterine perforations, endometriosis, and retained pregnancy tissues. In the long-term, women are at a higher risk of experiencing infertility, cervical and uterine damage, ectopic pregnancies, breast cancer, mental health disorders, and more.

According to the organization Abortion Breast Cancer, there is a connection between abortion and breast cancer. Estrogen is carcinogenic: when abortion suddenly interrupts pregnancy, especially before the 32-week mark, the breast lobules do not fully mature, leaving them exposed to high levels of estrogen. Immature tissues being exposed to carcinogen increases the risk of cancer by about thirty per cent.

Studies indicate that about 20 per cent of post-abortive women suffer psychiatric disorders. The denial of this reality for numerous women by abortion-supporters, shamefully including the American Psychological Association, gaslights and ignores the suffering of these women. Risk of suicide among post-abortive women increases by 155 per cent.

There are actual cases of women dying after abortion, including the aforementioned 19-year-old Canadian mother.

Although many post-abortive women may not immediately regret their abortions, they carry their trauma through the years. A survey conducted 15 years after abortions indicated that about 75 per cent of women regretted their choice.

Conclusion

These are just a few statements that address the rhetoric that abortion-supporters use, and can be applied to specific assertions which may not be discussed above. It is critical that pro-lifers are well-versed, or at least have access to good information to defend the pro-life position. There are no arguments that abortion-supporters can make that adequately refute the pro-life position.